Alimentacion enteral y parenteral pdf

  2. Sonda de alimentación
  3. Nutrición Enteral - Medintegra
  4. License for Use of "Physicians' Current Procedural Terminology", (CPT) Fourth Edition

Nutrición enteral versus nutrición parenteral. Se encontró que una vía de alimentación en lugar de la otra (NE o NP) puede lograr poco o. S. McClave, H. Snider, C. Lowen, A.J. McLaughlin, L.M. Greene, R.J. McCombs, et of residual volume as a marker for enteral feeding intolerance. la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral (SENPE) publicó el . sin alimentación enteral concomitante y con diversos grados de GRUPOS/ estandarizacion/; https://.

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Alimentacion Enteral Y Parenteral Pdf

El Texto completo solo está disponible en PDF Guidelines for the use of parenteral and enteral nutrition in adult and pediatric patients Section I. Introduction. DE NUTRICIÓN PARENTERAL Y ENTERAL. ÓRGANO OFICIAL DE LA FEDERACIÓN ESPAÑOLA DE. SOCIEDADES DE NUTRICIÓN, ALIMENTACIÓN Y. MEZCLAS NUTRIENTES PARENTERALES. S.E.N.P.E. Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral. Grupo de Trabajo Nutricional. "Aspectos.

All rights reserved. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Postpyloric feeding is an important and promising alternative to parenteral nutrition. The indications for this kind of feeding are increasing and include a variety of clinical conditions, such as gastroparesis, acute pancreatitis, gastric outlet stenosis, hyperemesis including gravida , recurrent aspiration, tracheoesophageal fistula and stenosis in gastroenterostomy. This review discusses the differences between pre- and postpyloric feeding, indications and contraindications, advantages and disadvantages, and provides an overview of the techniques of placement of various postpyloric devices. Enteral nutrition prevents GI mucosal atrophy, keeps intestinal integrity and prevents bacterial translocation from the GI lumen to the rest of the body, by maintaining normal permeability of the GI mucosal barrier[ 3 — 6 ]. In addition, it is less expensive and has significantly fewer complications than parenteral nutrition[ 1 , 2 ].

The use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy PEG feeding tubes in patients with neurological disease. When deciding routes of enteral access, factors to be taken into account are whether the patient requires short- or long-term access and whether intragastric or intestinal EN are required.

J Pediatr Surg, 15pp. Nutrition, 11pp.


A percutaneous method for inserting a feeding gastrostomy tube. There was a problem providing the content you requested Routes of access in enteral nutrition.

Although tube feeding TF is a simple and easy method of administering EN in the short term, gastrostomy should be considered in all patients requiring EN for more than two months. JANO, 56pp. Endoscopic versus operative gastrostomy: J Neurol,pp. Vitamin D depletion following burn injury in children: A possible factor in post-burn osteopenia.

Sonda de alimentación

Impaired zinc and copper status in children with burn injuries: Need to reassess nutritional requirements. Berger MM. Antioxidant micronutrients in major trauma and burns: Evidence and practice. Nutr Clin Pract ; Antioxidant nutrients: A systematic review of trace elements and vitamins in the critically ill patient.

Intens Care Med ; Metabolic and nutritional support of critically ill patients: Consensus and controversies.

Nutrición Enteral - Medintegra

Crit Care ; Feeding the critically ill patient. Nutritional support for wound healing. Alternat Med Rev ;8: Malnutrition and clinical outcomes: The case for medical nutrition therapy. Latenser BA. Critical care of the burn patient: The first 48 hours. Ferraresi Zarranz EM. Permissive underfeeding or standard enteral feeding in critically ill adults.

N Engl J Med ; Jeejeebhoy KN. Permissive underfeeding of the critically ill patient. Effects of early excision and aggressive enteral feeding on hypermetabolism, catabolism, and sepsis after severe burn. Shulman RJ, Phillips S. Parenteral nutrition in infants and children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; Enteral vs.

License for Use of "Physicians' Current Procedural Terminology", (CPT) Fourth Edition

Cur Op Crit Care ; The physiologic response and associated clinical benefits from provision of early enteral nutrition. Early versus late enteral nutritional support in adults with burn injury: A systematic review. J Human Nutr Diet ; Trial of the route of early nutritional support in critically ill adults. N Engl J Med ; Effect of postpyloric feeding on gastroesophageal regurgitation and pulmonary microaspiration: Results of a randomized controlled trial.

Safe practices for parenteral nutrition. Martinuzzi A, Kliger G. Buenos Aires: Hecker M, Mayer K. Intravenous lipids in adult intensive care unit patients.

Intravenous Lipid Emulsions ; Mitos y evidencias. Critical Care ; 16 5 :R Corrigendum: Critical Care ; 1 Martinuzzi A. Medicina Intensiva ;33 3 Parenteral glutamine supplementation in critical illness: A systematic review. Critical Care ;18 2 Suppl :R Martinuzzi A, Ferraresi E.

The use of immunonutrition in burn injury care: Where are we? The scientific basis of immunonutrition. Proc Nutr Soc ; Pharmacological nutrition after burn injury. J Nutr ; Nutritional controversies in critical care: Revisiting enteral glutamine during critical illness and injury.

The effects of supplemental glutamine dipeptide on gut integrity and clinical outcome after major escharectomy in severe burns: A randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial. Clin Nutr Suppl ;1 1 :SS The effect of supplemental enteral glutamine on plasma levels, gut function, and outcome in severe burns: A randomized, double blind, controlled clinical trial.

Masters B, Wood F.

Nutrition support in burns- Is there consistency in practice? A prospective survey of nutritional support practices in intensive care unit patients: What is prescribed? What is delivered?

Crit Care Med ; The cellular, metabolic, and systemic consequences of aggressive fluid resuscitation strategies. Shock ; Energy expenditure and caloric balance after burn: increased feeding leads to fat rather than lean mass accretion.

Su actualidad. Intestinal obstruction secondary to enteral feedings in burn trauma patients. Association of hyperglycemia with increased mortality after severe burn injury.

Practical guidelines for nutritional management of burn injury and recovery.

Outcomes in critically ill patients before and after the implementation of an evidence-based nutritional management protocol.

Total parenteral nutrition is indicated for any pregnancy in which the mother is unable to tolerate oral intake to the extent of causing maternal malnutrition [8].

Specifically, it is instituted for several obstetrical and nonobstetrical conditions including 1. Hyperemesis gravidarum not responsive to conservative therapy intravenous fluid, antiemetics, sedatives, tube feedings 2. Total weight loss of 6 kg or failure to gain weight 4. Prepregnancy malnutrition patient below the 10th percentile of her ideal body weight 5.

Persistent ketosis, hypocholesterolemia, hypoalbuminemia ,2. One of the most common methods of calculating daily TPN caloric requirements utilizes the basal energy expenditure BEE. For pregnancy, this equation is adjusted slightly [9,10]. Bee pregnant female 5 1 9. Therefore, the total caloric requirement for 24 h for the pregnant patient is equal to BEE 3 1.

This value for the average pregnant patient is approximately 2, kcal. For a standard 2-liter solution, one first calculates the number of kcal supplied by protein. To calculate the nonprotein caloric component, the protein kcals are subtracted from the total caloric requirement. The remainder of the total caloric requirement will be supplied by carbohydrates.

Iron must be given intramuscularly. Hypocalcemia level less than 6 with a normal albumin level adjusted for pregnancy should also be corrected. Vitamins A, E, B6, and folate are given daily to meet the increased erythropoietic demands of pregnancy.

By monitoring daily electrolytes, particularly in the first few days of TPN administration, adjustments in TPN sodium, potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus can be made appropriately. Careful follow-up of maternal liver function tests, cholesterol, electrolytes, and renal function tests are imperative.