Hornbill. NCERT/CBSE class 11 English book Hornbill . You can download intermediate notes model papers, Guess papers and important questions from. English Text book “HORNBILL” ebook for class 11, CBSE, NCERT. sturunemcoto.ga READING SKILLS. Chapterpdf · Chapterpdf · Chapter NCERT 11th CLASS BOOKS IN PDF: English(Hornbill) Free Download. Product Type. Study Material. File Type. PDF. Published Year. Section. Book.
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Results for pdf Download Class XI hornbill CBSE NCERT English textbook Important NCERT Textbook Chapter 8 - Silk Road, Class 11, English Hornbill. Free Download NCERT Hornbill (English) Textbook for Class XI by NCERT Syllabus & Patterns PDF Online from Ncert Books. You can download NCERT Books For Class 11 English Hornbill (Core), Woven Words (Elective) with Solutions For English NCERT Book XI, English 11th Book.
What is often overlooked is an essential third element. This is also where Man finds a fundamental role. From its almost veiled beginnings. This can be compared with the yogic practice of pranayama. More than two elements of an image. Their works are a stimulating contrast to a lot of mainstream offerings. The Middle Void is essential — nothing can happen without it.
Years ago the little patch of jungle that he began clearing to make himself a garden sculpted with stone and. In that space between Heaven and Earth. His presence is essential. The interaction of Yin. Around the time Dubuffet was propounding his concept. The mountain is Yang — reaching vertically towards Heaven. The fiftieth issue Spring of Raw Vision.
Anything and everything from a tin to a sink to a broken down car could be material for a work of art. The five-month interactive show. Nek Chand. Its year-old creator— director. France and Italy. Contrast the Chinese view of art with the European view with examples. The following common words are used in more than one sense. Talking about the text Discuss the following statements in groups of four.
Explain the concept of shanshui. Hobart Grooms told the jury panel he had heard the reports. What is the language spoken in Flanders? Find out the correlates of Yin and Yang in other cultures. The above two examples are ways in which contrast may be expressed.
Find out about as many Indian schools of painting as you can.
Combine the following sets of ideas to show the contrast between them. Find out about experiments in recycling that help in environmental conservation. The artist knows the way within. Write a short note on the distinctive features of each school. SOUL 39 The glass panels of the window were broken. Noticing form z A classical Chinese landscape is not meant to reproduce an actual view. Things to do 1. Now find five sentences each for the rest of the words to show the different senses in which each of them is used.
The work by Wu Guanzhong depicting a cluster of colourful parrots sitting on tree branches smashed the previous record price for a Chinese ink painting of 23 million yuan for a twelfth century masterpiece by the Song Dynasty emperor. I am the Poem of Earth. I give back life to my own origin. For song. And all that in them without me were seeds only. Upward to heaven. I descend to lave the droughts.
And forever. And make pure and beautify it. Eter nal I rise impalpable out of the land and the bottomless sea. Notice the following sentence patterns. There are two voices in the poem. How is the cyclic movement of rain brought out in the poem? Compare it with what you have learnt in science. There is a parallel drawn between rain and music.
Understanding the poem z Voices in the poem z Sense of the poem z Relating to the process of rainfall scientifically across the curriculum z Noticing sentence structure in poems z Comparison with other rain poems.
Notes This is a nature poem celebrating the coming of the rain. Why are the last two lines put within brackets? Eternal I rise 4. List the pairs of opposites found in the poem. And who art thou? For song… duly with love returns Rewrite the above sentences in prose. Look for some more poems on the rain and see how this one is different from them. Which words indicate this?
Explain the similarity between the two. Who do they belong to? Which lines indicate this? ONE cannot recall any movement in world history which has gripped the imagination of the entire human race so completely and so rapidly as the Green Movement which started nearly twenty-five years ago. The issues that he raised regarding the declining health of the earth continue to have relevance.
Since then. The Ailing Planet: We have shifted — one hopes. It is a shift in human perceptions as revolutionary as that. In the zoo at Lusaka. One of the early international commissions which dealt.
Estimates vary widely as regards the still-uncatalogued living species — biologists reckon that about three to a hundred million other living species still languish unnamed in ignominious darkness. The Global Economic Prospect. We have begun to realise our ethical obligations to be good stewards of the planet and responsible trustees of the legacy to future generations. Scientists have catalogued about 1. The concept of sustainable development was popularised in by the World Commission on Environment and Development.
It has its own metabolic needs and vital processes which need to be respected and preserved. Thanks to the efforts of a number of agencies in different countries. Brown in his thoughtful book. He has realised the wisdom of shifting from a system based on domination to one based on partnership.
For the first time in human history. Inside the cage there is no animal but a mirror where you see yourself.
The actual loss of forests is estimated to be about eight times the rate indicated by government statistics. In poor countries. Since the tropical forest is. But what causes endless anguish is the fact that laws are never respected nor enforced in India. Large areas. In large areas of the world. In addition to supplying our food. In some places. James Speth. For instance. In a protein-conscious and proteinhungry world. When this happens. The World Bank estimates that a five-fold increase in the rate of forest planting is needed to cope with the expected fuelwood demand in the year It has been well said that forests precede mankind.
The population of India is estimated to be million today — more than the entire populations of Africa and South America put together.
By the year It took mankind more than a million years to reach the first billion. That was the world population around the year What a transformation would be effected if more. We have begun to take a holistic view of the very basis of our existence. The present world population is estimated at 5. The environmental problem does not necessarily signal our demise. It is a holistic view. There can be no doubt that the growth of world population is one of the strongest factors distorting the future of human society.
Industry has a most crucial role to play in this new Era of Responsibility. The rich get richer. No one familiar with the conditions in India would doubt that the hope of the people would die in their hungry hutments unless population control is given topmost priority. Fertility falls as incomes rise. For the first time in human history we see a transcending concern — the survival not just of the people but of the planet.
But development itself may not be possible if the present increase in numbers continues. But there is no alternative to voluntary family planning without introducing an element of coercion. More children does not mean more workers. The choice is really between control of population and perpetuation of poverty. Every four days the world population increases by one million. The emerging new world vision has ushered in the Era of Responsibility. It is not suggested that human beings be treated like cattle and compulsorily sterilised.
Thus development is the best contraceptive. The problems of overpopulation that directly affect our everyday life. Why does the author aver that the growth of world population is one of the strongest factors distorting the future of human society? Talking about the text Discuss in groups of four. In the words of Mr Lester Brown.
Woolard who. Mr Edgar S. He said. Laws are never respected nor enforced in India. Write to newspapers reporting on any such acts that disturb you.
Maintain a record of the trees cut down and the parks demolished in your area. Find out what these Latin phrases mean. Make posters to highlight the importance of the Green Movement. Write pairs of sentences using each word in the literal as well as the figurative sense. Locate the following phrases in the text and study their connotation. Taplow is a boy of sixteen who has come in to do extra work for Crocker-Harris. But the latter has not yet arrived. The scene is set in a school. Both are masters.
Do I know you? No sir. Frank is young and Crocker-Harris. I believe there is a rule that form results should only be announced by the headmaster on the last day of term. Yes — but who else pays attention to it — except Mr Crocker-Harris? Extra work — on the last day of school? Kept in. Are you? We get all the slackers. What is this muck? You sound a little bitter.
I am rather. Why not? The Agamemnon. Supposing the answer is favourable — what then? Oh — science. And your considered view is that the Agamemnon is muck? I suppose. Extra work.
That would be true of the ordinary masters. What was that Crocker-Harris said to you? Just — er — repeat it. I have given you exactly what you deserve. I got carried away. He picks up a newspaper and opens it — Er Taplow. I mean. Have I gone too far? Bad luck. I missed a day last week when I was ill — so here I am — and look at the weather. No less. He breaks off quickly. I think he may have marked me down. Much too far. Read your nice Aeschylus and be quiet. God knows what would happen if I did.
You all seem scared to death of him But I think you went on to say that some other masters. I must admit I envy him the effect he seems to have on you boys in the form. You must know what sadism is.
Good Lord. What does he do — beat you all. What are our schools coming to? Cut the Crock — Mr Crocker-Harris? You could still play golf before lock-up. I beg your pardon? A sadist. The door up right is pushed open and Millie Crocker-Harris enters.
Now you laugh. I must confess that I am pleased at the advance your Latin has made since you so readily have understood what the rest of the form did not. Tell the others… He breaks off suddenly. Mr Crocker-Harris. Out of ordinary common politeness. Taplow moves slowly above the desk. Frank laughs. It is a few seconds before they notice her. She is wearing a cape and carries a shopping basket. In form the other day he made one of his classical jokes.
Do not be so selfish as to keep a good joke to yourself. The funny thing is that in spite of everything. Come along. Of course nobody laughed because nobody understood it. I noticed. She closes the door and then stands by the screen watching Taplow and Frank.
I do rather like him. She is a thin woman in her late thirties. Oh Lord! She comes down to the sideboard and puts her basket on it. Millie takes off her cape and hangs it on the hall-stand. I think she did.
She was standing there quite a time. Millie takes the basket from the sideboard, moves above the table and puts the basket on it. She unpacks some things from the basket.
She takes a prescription out of the basket. I tell you what — you can do a job for him. Take this prescription to the chemist and get it made up. Comment on the attitude shown by Taplow towards Crocker-Harris. What do you gather about Crocker-Harris from the play?
Talking about the text Discuss with your partners 1. Talking about teachers among friends. The manner you adopt when you talk about a teacher to other teachers. Reading plays is more interesting than studying science. Working with words A sadist is a person who gets pleasure out of giving pain to others. Given below are some dictionary definitions of certain kinds of persons. Find out the words that fit these descriptions. A person who considers it very important that things should be correct or genuine e.
A person who believes that war and violence are wrong and will not fight in a war: A person who believes that nothing really exists: A person who is always hopeful and expects the best in all things: A person who follows generally accepted norms of behaviour: A person who believes that material possessions are all that matter in life: Notes After the students have read the play silently by themselves, ask them to take on the roles of the three characters and read their parts aloud.
Speaking to each other about something that most students do: Things to do Instead of conventional role-play involving reading out or enacting the original text, students are encouraged to make their own versions of the play based on the same content creativity, fun and authenticity.
Where did my childhood go? It went to some forgotten place. Was it the time I realised that Hell and Heaven. Producing thoughts that were not those of other people But my own. Was that the day! When did my childhood go? Was it the time I realised that adults were not all they seemed to be. But did not act so lovingly. Was it when I found my mind was really mine. And therefore could not be. They talked of love and preached of love. To use whichever way I choose.
Could not be found in Geography. Was it the day I ceased to be eleven. Which do you think are the most poetic lines? Notes Understanding the poem Questions are based on z Thematic comprehension z Reflection on theme z Poetic sensibility.
Identify the stanza that talks of each of the following. What according to the poem is involved in the process of growing up? The train stopped at Karjat only briefly and went on at even greater speed. The ghat section that followed was no different from what he knew. The present story is an adapted version. The first stop. That was the surest way of finding out how the present state of affairs was reached. It roared through Kalyan.
It was a small station called Sarhad. That is. There were no industrial townships outside Pune. He would go to a big library and browse through history books. An Anglo-Indian in uniform went through the train checking permits. He also planned eventually to return to Pune and have a long talk with Rajendra Deshpande. The Adventure Jayant Narlikar Notice these expressions in the text.
The train stopped beyond the long tunnel. The letters on it proclaimed its identity to those who did not know this Bombay landmark: He ventured a question: I will take the Frontier Mail tonight out of Central. You are going for the first time. Victoria Terminus. Gangadharpant had not been to this Bombay before. Khan Sahib. The blue carriages carried the letters. Khan Sahib spoke a lot about his business and Gangadharpant was a willing listener. A long journey.
Barclays and other British banks. As he walked along Hornby Road. I will reach Peshawar the day after tomorrow. The staff was mostly made up of Anglo-Indians and Parsees along with a handful of British officers. The East India Company had been wound up shortly after the events of — at least. As he emerged from the station.
Gangadharpant found himself facing an imposing building. How and when had it happened? He had to find out. I presume? The train now passed through the suburban rail traffic.
By what route? There was no Handloom House building. Professor Gaitonde had not expected this. The station looked remarkably neat and clean. A gentle reminder that we are in British territory. Are you sure he works here? That page in the book described the Battle of Panipat. Abdali was routed and he was chased back to Kabul by the triumphant Maratha army led by Sadashivrao Bhau and his nephew. The style of writing was unmistakably his. He thanked the girl politely and came out.
Gangadharpant read through the account avidly. The change evidently had occurred in the last volume. He entered the reading room and asked for a list of history books including his own. His five volumes duly arrived on his table. If he himself were dead in this world. Volume one took the history up to the period of Ashoka. He started from the beginning. It was characteristic of him not to worry about where he would stay.
She searched through the telephone list. She shook her head and said. His main concern was to make his way to the library of the Asiatic Society to solve the riddle of history. Reading volume five from both ends inwards. Gangadharpant finally converged on the precise moment where history had taken a different turn. Up to this period history was as he knew it.
Grabbing a quick lunch at a restaurant. The book did not go into a blow-by-blow account of the battle itself. The trouble-maker. It was a country that had not been subjected to slavery for the white man. He and his brother. Gangadharpant began to appreciate the India he had seen. In the nineteenth century these de facto rulers from Pune were astute enough to recognise the importance of the technological age dawning in Europe. The Company was reduced to pockets of influence near Bombay.
They set up their own centres for science and technology. By then. To its dismay. From a position of strength and for purely commercial reasons. For the Peshwas the immediate result was an increase in the influence of Bhausaheb and Vishwasrao who eventfully succeeded his father in A. The Sultanate at Delhi survived even this transition. India moved towards a democracy.
It offered aid and experts. For political reasons. The twentieth century brought about further changes inspired by the West. They were accepted only to make the local centres self-sufficient.
The East India Company. As he read on. It was Bhausahebanchi Bakhar. He went through the books and journals before him. Although he seldom relied on the Bakhars for historical evidence. Even the difference of a til sesame would have led to his death.
Gangadharpant emerged from his thoughts. Here was a user and researcher right after his heart. Gangadharpant could not help comparing the country he knew with what he was witnessing around him. In the maidan he found a throng moving towards a pandal. He then set out for a stroll towards the Azad Maidan..
A shot brushed past his ear. Force of habit took Professor Gaitonde towards the pandal. He found one now in a three-line account of how close Vishwasrao had come to being killed: And then Vishwasrao guided his horse to the melee where the elite troops were fighting and he attacked them. He was staring at the platform. And God was merciful. At last. As the professor left the table he shoved some notes into his right pocket.
The lecture was in progress. But Professor Gaitonde was not looking at the audience. May I request you to keep these books here for my use tomorrow morning? By the way. How did the Marathas win the battle? To find the answer he must look for accounts of the battle itself. That lease was to expire in the year Looking around he noticed that he was the only reader left in that magnificent hall.
The speaker stopped in mid-sentence. But the audience soon found voice. He kept on talking We are sick of remarks from the chair.. Like a piece of iron attracted to a magnet. But he kept on trying valiantly to correct this sacrilege All I know is that I was found in the Azad Maidan in the morning.
Let me tell you. There was a table and a chair but the latter was unoccupied. He soon became a target for a shower of tomatoes.
But I was back in the world I am familiar with. The presidential chair unoccupied! The sight stirred him to the depths. Whoever heard of a public lecture without a presiding dignitary? Professor Gaitonde went to the mike and gave vent to his views. It took him a while to reply.. But facts can be stranger than fantasies.
It described how Vishwasrao narrowly missed the bullet. Whether I succeed or not in convincing you of the facts. I had intended to return it the next morning. I discovered my error when I was paying for my meal. Professor Gaitonde produced his vital piece of evidence: I thought so! But it seems that in the melee of Azad Maidan. Rajendra read the text on the printed page and his face underwent a change.
What are the facts? I am dying to know! He was visibly moved. The account ran thus: Gone was the smile and in its place came a grave expression. I had simply put your experience down to fantasy.
And then Vishwasrao guided his horse to the melee where the elite troops were fighting. I will try to rationalise your experience on the basis of two scientific theories as known today.
Until I saw this material evidence. Gangadharpant pressed home his advantage. He was hit by the bullet.. In case you think that it was just my mind playing tricks and my imagination running amok.
And God expressed His displeasure. Similar statements are made about the Battle of Waterloo. They lost their morale and fighting spirit. Rajendra continued pacing as he talked. But for the troops at that particular moment. Where will it go? If I fire a bullet from a gun in a given direction at a. As history has it. But is it limited to what we see?
Does it have other manifestations? When dealing with such systems the physicist discovered something startling. A crucial event gone the other way. Wars fought face to face on open grounds offer excellent examples of this theory. The behaviour of these systems cannot be predicted definitively even if all the physical laws governing those systems are known.
I am all ears. It boosted their morale and provided just that extra impetus that made all the difference. And its effect on the troops was also the opposite. And what you have shown me on that torn page is the course taken by the battle. Let us apply it to the Battle of Panipat. Gangadharpant listened expectantly as Rajendra continued. We experience it directly with our senses or indirectly via instruments.
Whether he was killed in battle or survived is not known. The juncture at which Vishwasrao. Their armour was comparable. But we live in a unique world which has a unique history. I fire an electron from a source. There followed an utter rout. But I cannot make such an assertion for the electron.
It may be here, there, anywhere. I can at best quote odds for it being found in a specified location at a specified time. In one world the electron is found here, in another it is over there. In yet another it is in a still different location. Once the observer finds where it is, we know which world we are talking about.
But all those alternative worlds could exist just the same. Imagine two worlds, for example. In both an electron is orbiting the nucleus of an atom We know the precise trajectory of the planet. The electron could be orbiting in any of a large number of specified states. These states may be used to identify the world.
In state no. It can make a jump from high to low energy and send out a pulse of radiation. Or a pulse of radiation can knock it out of state no. Such transitions are common in microscopic systems. What if it happened on a macroscopic level? You are suggesting that I made a transition from one world to another and back again? My theory is that catastrophic situations offer radically different alternatives for the world to proceed.
It seems that so far as reality is concerned all alternatives are viable but the observer can experience only one of them at a time.
The one you live in now and the one where you spent two days. One has the history we know, the other a different history. The separation or bifurcation took place in the Battle of Panipat.
You neither travelled to the past nor to the future. You were in the present but experiencing a different world. Of course, by the same token there must be many more different worlds arising out of bifurcations at different points of time.
As Rajendra concluded, Gangadharpant asked the question that was beginning to bother him most. Unfortunately, there are many unsolved questions in science and this is one of them.
But that does not stop me from guessing. Perhaps, at the time of the collision you were thinking about the catastrophe theory and its role in wars. Maybe you were wondering about the Battle of Panipat. Perhaps, the neurons in your brain acted as a trigger. But Gangadharpant was grave. The Professor Gaitonde who disappeared while defending his chair on the platform will now never be seen presiding at another meeting — I have conveyed my regrets to the organisers of the Panipat seminar.
Tick the statements that are true. The story is an account of real events. The story hinges on a particular historical event. Rajendra Deshpande was a historian. The places mentioned in the story are all imaginary. The story tries to relate history to science.
Briefly explain the following statements from the text. You were in the present experiencing a different world. Talking about the text 1. Discuss the following statements in groups of two pairs, each pair in a group taking opposite points of view.
In which language do you think Gangadharpant and Khan Sahib talked to each other? Which language did Gangadharpant use to talk to the English receptionist?
In which language do you think Bhausahebanchi Bakhar was written? There is mention of three communities in the story: Which language do you think they used within their communities and while speaking to the other groups? Do you think that the ruled always adopt the language of the ruler? Tick the item that is closest in meaning to the following phrases. Distinguish between the following pairs of sentences. Catastrophes are bifurcations between different equilibria. Originated by the French mathematician.
Some of the sentences used to express this notion are given below: Rene Thom. I know where it will be at a later time. It studies and classifies phenomena characterised by sudden shifts in behaviour arising from small changes in circumstances.
If I fire a bullet from a gun in a given direction at a given speed. Things to do I. Due to their restricted nature. Catastrophe theory has been applied to a number of different phenomena.
Read the following passage on the Catastrophe Theory downloaded from the Internet. If I knew the answer I would solve a great problem.
What course would history have taken if the battle had gone the other way? Notice that in an unreal condition. Look up the Internet or an encyclopedia for information on the following theories. Lhamo said she wanted to give me a farewell present. After ducking back into her tent. Tsetan knew a route that would take us south-west.
Now that we were leaving Ravu. Silk Road Nick Middleton Notice these expressions in the text. Extended banks of cloud like long French loaves glowed pink as the sun emerged to splash the distant mountain tops with a rose-tinted blush.
Tsetan sized me up as we clambered into his car. It involved crossing several fairly high mountain passes. Further on. Sometimes men. When the track took us close to their animals. Plumes of dust billowed into the crisp. As we continued to draw closer. I could see the herd galloping en masse. They were completely fearless of our vehicle.
As hills started to push up once more from the rocky wilderness. A change in human perception is must and how each citizen should realize it as their ethical responsibility of guarding the earth.
There is a total of 14 questions. Chapter 6 — The Browning Version In this chapter, a conversation between a fifth-grade student and a teacher has been described and a meeting of the student and teacher. The students wait eagerly to wait for his result as a student wants t to specialize in science. The further conversation between the teacher and student provides some deep insight into the views and mindset of the student and his interest in science.
The student has performed some extra work as well and later through remark, the result about the student gets declared. In the later chapter, the attitude and behavior of the teacher have been showcased.
There is a total of 9 questions. Chapter 7 — The Adventure In this chapter, the author talks about the experience of adventuring into the two worlds one at a time. There is no description of the past or the future during the transition of the character. By staying present the author tried to depict the experience that new character has faced in the different world that very same time.
A discussion about slavery, Peshwas and British rule can also be seen in the chapter in a very brief account. A browsing history has been discussed between two people in the story. The discussion shows the importance of a single event in history. There is a total of 12 questions. Chapter 8 — Silk Road In this chapter, the student will get to know about the story whose title has been named on the history of the silk passage or route which was a wide network connecting the Afro-Eurasian mass.
The author has traveled to the Mount Kailash to explore the Himalayan belt in Tibet. He has added some description of the places he explored and shared his experience in the story. The physical condition of the author has also depicted in the story. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Poem Chapter 1 Poem — A Photograph In this chapter, you will read about the description of the Photograph in three stages wherein the first stage, the poet tried to create a picture in the mind of the readers that how his mother is standing and enjoying her holiday with her two sisters cousin.
The poet has described the age of his mother about 12 or something. Later, in the second stage, the poet has taken a leap f twenty or thirty years and tried to describe the scenario where the mother would laugh along with her cousin sisters about the way they dressed up during holidays. Descriptions of the goldfinch bird have been mentioned in the poem whose movement has disturbed the motionless tree and alert the lizard of the tree.
The trembling and thrilling of the tree has been mentioned and how the whisperings of the goldfinch take away the silence of the tree. There is a total of 13 questions. Chapter 4 Poem — The Voice of the Rain The poem talks about the celebration of the natural cycle and rain which is in benefit of mother earth and how life is getting supported.
With the poet, you will get the understanding that core existence remains the same and only form and shape of raindrops changes. The poet tried to showcase the meaning of the poem in a conversational tone with a rain shower and enquired them timely.
There is a total of 3 questions. Chapter 6 Poem - Childhood In this poem, you will get to know how the poet has lost its childhood and he ponders it through the time and age when he started to begin questioning about the heaven and its geographical location on the map. The poet makes his reader wonder if he lost his childhood in those moments when he realized the adults are different from what they pretend to be.
The poet wonders whether he has lost his childhood when he decided to choose his own way and how he is capable of producing opinions and thoughts. In the poem, he has raised speculation about the place where he lost it.
There is a total of 4 questions. Chapter 8 Poem — Father to Son In this poem, the poet tried to describe the troubled relationship between father and son. He has thrown some light on the generation gap and emphasizes on pain and helplessness of a father who has failed in understanding the child. The distance and how the father wishes to bridge the gap has been depicted in the poem. A student can grasp a complete silence and the lack of communication in the father-son relationship.
They wish to resolve the issues between them, but it seems difficult as well. Each question is answered with the use of extensive vocabulary, giving you the opportunity to polish your language as well.
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